Be sure to practice before the report with some listener and watch. Over time, you will learn how to determine exactly how long it takes for a certain amount of text, but first it is better to rehearse with a timer on a mobile phone. Because to exceed the regulations is ugly, and reading in the genre of “Maxim machine gun welcomes the White Guard attack” tires the listeners and does not allow them to appreciate all the advantages of your excellent report.Examples, especially if there are many of them and they are analyzed in detail, should be highlighted in the handout (“hendout”). This will save you time: instead of reading them, you can simply poke a finger at the leaf.
Discussion is the most important part of scientific work. Therefore, it is necessary from the very beginning to learn how to answer questions and ask them. The purpose of the questions is not to overwhelm and humiliate the speaker at all, as happens at school conferences (“What contribution did you make to your science? Did you read the little-known Chinese philosopher Sun Fun Tea? No? So after that you can know about Russian birch trees ?! And quote the seventh stanza of the fifth chapter of Eugene Onegin! ”).
In the scientific community, an interesting discussion and important questions are an indicator of a successful report. It is the discussion that can give the most important impetus for the scientific development of a young scientist.
Learn to see the essence of other people’s reports, analyze their structure, composition, mark good moments – this will help you learn to speak yourself. During the preparation of the report, think over possible questions – what will they want to ask you? What may require further discussion? What, most likely, will seem incomprehensible? Where are the weak points in your reasoning? Do not be intimidated by questions: consider them as a reason to talk more about your work.