In the scientific community, an interesting discussion and important questions are an indicator of a successful report. It is the discussion that can give the most important impetus for the scientific development of a young scientist.
Learn to see the essence of other people’s reports, analyze their structure, composition, mark good moments – this will help you learn to speak yourself. During the preparation of the report, think over possible questions – what will they want to ask you? What may require further discussion? What, most likely, will seem incomprehensible? Where are the weak points in your reasoning? Do not be intimidated by questions: consider them as a reason to talk more about your work.
Remember that the listeners are people too. If you are asked about what you have already spoken about, do not hesitate to repeat: it is possible that your colleague was simply distracted and listened to, for example, the very two sentences in which you described exactly how you use the term “concept”. If the question is not clear – do not hesitate to ask again.
When asking a question, be guided by the only rule: do not show off. Ask only what you really found interesting. However, you should not leave in particular: do not ask about what will interest only you and the speaker. This can be discussed on the sidelines.
In addition to direct questions, replicas are allowed: if, while listening to the report, you had an idea that you think might push the speaker to some interesting conclusions, do not hesitate to voice it.
By the way, questions are asked and the thoughts that have come to mind are voiced after the report, and not during it, and to the speaker, not the neighbor.
Be benevolent and correct. If the discussion gave the speaker some new thoughts, somehow contributed to his further scientific development, then the conference was not in vain for him. And it’s always nice.